Free fishing gear
The many types of fish to whatever are in the waters that the environment is different, causing fishing methods including the use of fishing gear that is different also. It is also the nature of pelagic fish’re always on the move, either confined to an area and be remotely like tuna and skipjack across the waters of several neighboring Indonesia.
Any attempt sea fishing is basically how to get the fishing area, schools of fish, and the state of its potential for later arrest operation. Some ways to get the area before catching the fish is done using a tool commonly called Rumpin catcher and light. Position FADs and lights of the fishing industry in the waters of Indonesia is very important both in terms of all aspects of ecology, biology, and economics. FADs are used during the day while the lights used at night to collect fish at the point / place particular sea before the arrest operation conducted by the fishing equipment such as nets, etc. huhate.
Viewed in terms of the ability of fishing effort, the range of marine areas and type of fishing gear used by the Indonesian fishermen can distinguish between small fishing businesses, medium, and large. In conducting the fishing effort of three groups of fishermen used approximately 15 s / d 25 types of fishing gear that can be divided into four groups as follows.
1 Payang including lampara seines, beach seines, Purse seines
2 Net drifting gill nets, gill nets circumference, klitik nets, trammel nets
Chart 3 Net Lift Boat, Plug Bagan, Bagan Raft, Du flocking and banrong
4 Fishing Rawi tuna, Rawai drifting apart, Rawai fixed, Huhate, trolling lines, hand-hand line fishing lin
Free fishing gear giveaway
Purse seine nets must be shaped piece consisting of a wing and forming pockets. The success of the operation of the purse seine is influenced by three factors, namely accuracy encircle schools of fish, sinking speed ballast and kecepatn penatikan rope drawstring. Netting arrangements must be properly and quickly so that the crowd or herd the fish did not have a chance to get out of the circle of the net.
Payang has the form consists of wings, body and bag, two wings are located on the right and left payang bodies, each measuring wing length of 100-200 meters, the net along the body portion and a 36-65 meter section located behind the bag body portion payang which is where the accumulation of fish catches are along the 10-20 meter
Drift gill nets used must have the specification that consists of five main factors, namely the buoyancy of the net should be greater than the power sinking, netting good color is green to light blue, the thread used is a double or single nylon thread. Large mesh is 2.5-3.0 inches mounted on the top rope with a coefficient ris binding of 30-40%
Lampara net-like webs payang is composed of left-wing and right next to the bag. The net comes with a ring of steel around 2 meters in diameter. Pockets lampara more likely bubbles so small pelagic fish caught is not easy to die (live bait fish)
Lift nets are nets are lowered in the sea and lifted vertically upwards when schools of fish at the top of the web. Lift nets placed in some kind of chart in the sea or operated from small boats or directly by the fishermen near the beach. Based on the shape and the way the operation there was some kind of lift nets and push nets, such as a chart step on the (stationary), charts raft, boat chart, Kelong Betawi, skimmer, crab nets and crab, flocking and banrong. Halibut and Anco, net thrust, sodo usual, sodo boat, sodo Sangir, siru, siu, songko and seser.